Khachapuri! When you hear this word, know that it means crispy thin bread filled with soft tender cheese, which stretches from your mouth as you take a bite.
Khachapuri is traditional Georgian cheese bread that is prepared in all parts of Georgia; consequently, there are several variations of the dish.
For obvious reasons, imeruli khachapuri from the western region of the country is the most widespread type found on Georgian dining tables.
dough (yields 2 round khachapuri of 8-inch diameter)
3.6 oz plain whole milk yogurt
7.8 oz flour, sifted
1/3 tsp salt
1 1/3 tsp baking powder
1.7 oz butter, soft
khachapuri (yields 2 round khachapuri of 8-inch diameter)
dough (see above)
6 oz Georgian cheese
8 oz Georgian Sulguni
10 oz mozzarella
black pepper, ground
1 egg yolk
1 oz water
1. To make the dough: Place the yogurt and egg in the bowl of an electric mixer fit with the paddle attachment. Add about 2/3 of the flour with the salt and baking powder, and mix on medium speed until homogeneous.
2. Add the butter and the rest of the flour, and mix again. Remove the bowl from the mixer, and knead the dough by hand for about one minute. Cover with plastic wrap, and refrigerate for 30 minutes.
3. To make the khachapuri: Divide the dough into 2 equal balls.
4. Preheat the oven to 450° F, and place a dish full of water on the bottom rack.
5. Slice the mozzarella and feta. In a bowl, crumble both cheeses between your fingers.
6. Season with black pepper, and adjust the salt level if necessary—the mixture should taste quite salty, but still be edible!
7. On a floured surface, roll each ball of dough into an 8-inch diameter disc (a perfect shape isn’t very important at this point). Place the cheese mixture in the center, then wrap the dough around it, just like you would wrap something in a handkerchief. Flip the dough over, and gently roll each khachapuri back into an 8-inch diameter disc. Alternately, you can wrap the dough around the cheese mixture like a purse, cut the top, and roll each khachapuri without flipping it. (It’s OK to keep some cheese uncovered in the center.)
8. Transfer the khachapuri to a baking sheet lined with parchment paper or a Silpat. Mix the egg yolk and water in a cup, and brush the dough with the resulting egg wash.
9. Bake in the oven for 18-20 minutes, until the top is golden brown. Let cool 5 minutes, then slice and serve.
There is chart of variations.
*Presidential sources from: http://munchies.vice.com/recipes/khachapuri